Groin pulls occur when the muscles of the inner thigh (the adductors) are stretched beyond their limits. This can result in small muscle tears that cause pain and swelling. The most common cause of groin pain is a muscle strain that causes localized pain in the inner thigh, or groin. A severe tear can cause a sudden, acute pain and may be accompanied by swelling and bruising. They are painful to the touch, and pain increases with resistance movements, and stretching of the inner thigh and hamstrings.
These injuries often occur during a sudden change of direction while running and quick starts and stops. These injuries are especially common in field or court sports. After the acute phase is treated by using rest, ice, elevation and compression R.I.C.E, a strengthening and stretching program should be initiated that may include:
Hip adductor and abductor strengthening
Pelvic stabilization exercises
Core stability, including abdominal and lumbar strengthening